The history of the Chitwan National Park has been that of a hunting ground but the government took notice of the endangerment of wildlife and initiated the conservation program. The result being the formation of the Chitwan National Park and its status further grew with the designation of UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The Chitwan National Park is a marked Ramsar site and so it is a very important ecological hub. The subtropical humid climate of the Terai Himalayan sector gives the Chitwan National Park all its replenishment for proper conservation of vegetation and wildlife. The main reserve of this park is the Royal Bengal Tiger Project, the One Horn Rhino Project and the Indian Gharial Project. Apart from these there are over 700 species of bird and other fauna in this Chitwan National Park. The visitors from all over love to visit this bio diversified national park. The elephant safari is one of the most popular and favoured tourism activities of this place.