Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur
The Keibul Lamjao is the world’s only ‘floating’ sanctuary with area of 40 sq.m. The area of this park is covered with deep floating vegetation called phumdis. The land of keibul lamjao is a wet land because of the water fall of Loktake Lake. The lake is one of the largest lakes in terms of area, in India. The Keibul Lamjao National Park was initially a sanctuary in 1996. Later in 1997 it was declared a national park to preserve and protect a rare and endangered species of deer ‘Elds’ deer or brow antlered deer or Sangai deer. This park was declared a National park. The floating surface of this park is actually decomposed plant material locally known as phumdis. Pabot, Toya, and Chingiao surround the entire park and are, in fact, hills. The hills help its large mammals by providing shelter in monsoon. The Keibul Lamjao National Park is a conserver and protector of many mammals and birds like Sangai, Hog deer, Sambar, Bonnet Macaque, Leopard, Jackal, Spotted deer, Elephants, Hooded crane, Black Eagle, Hornbill, Rufus necked hornbill, Asian rat, snake, Rock lizard, water cobra, Indian rock lizard etc. Asian golden cat and marbles cat are two species of wild cats that are found in this park.
Sangai or brow, antlered deer is also known as dancing beer influencing the Manipur dance tradition. Sangai is a pride of Manipur and the main purpose of building this National Park was to provide natural habitat and to preserve and conserve these animals. People flock to this floating sanctuary predominantly for its high level of uniqueness.