Barabar Caves, Bihar

The Barabar caves are one of the oldest surviving caves in India and thereby hold great historical importance and significance. While many mostly consider Barabar caves as the oldest in the country, some differ saying that the mysterious Son Bhandar Caves are even a bit older than the Barabar caves. The rock cut sculpture is something that people used to excel at during the ancient world order. From the Eastern Island to the Machu Pichu and from the Ajanta caves to the Rani Ki Vav, every ounce of ancient art and culture is filled with such incredible workings. The Barabar Caves or the Caves of Barabar Hills are also one of such rock cut wonders from the Mauryan Period.

Located in the Jehanabad District of Bihar there stands the twin hills of Nagarjuni and Barabar. It is archeologically proven that the cave on these hills are manmade and are dated back to the time of the Greatest Mauryan King, Asoka. There are four caves in the Barabar hill and three on the Nagarjuni hill. But the condition of the Barabar Caves are better and furthermore, the significances of these caves are also greater than Nagarjuni ones. The creation of these is quite the marvel let alone the sculpting these hold on their walls.

Most of the Barabar Caves are made by cutting pure granites. The caves are made more elegant and decorative by polishing the stone and infusing stone artistry in them. It is a fact that these caves were directly associated with the preaching of Buddhism and Jainism during the Mauryan Era. Mauryan King Dasharath was also a proprietor of these Barabar Caves. There are four caves in Barabar Hill namely the Sudama Cave, the Karan Chaupar Cave, the famous Loma Rishi Cave and the Viswakarma Cave. In order to know more do visit the Barabar Caves.


Barabar caves open at 06:00 AM to 06:00 PM - All days

Entry Fees

Free | No Tickets

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