The Konark temple was constructed during the time and patronage of King Narasimhadeva in the 13th Century CE. The Sun Temple is quite nearly located from Puri and Bhubaneshwar, at a distance of 35 kms and 65 kms from these places respectively. The name Konark has a special significance as it is the amalgamation of the two words Kona and Arka meaning corner and the Sun respectively. This temple was given the name of “The Black Pagoda” by the European sailors for it was a significant landmark for them during their coastal voyage. In those days, where worshipping the nature gods were in great vogue the worship of earth god and sun god were in particular very much prevalent and practiced by the people with great devotion with the sun god being considered as the bestower of desires and healer of diseases. Sun has already been a hugely popular deity for the Hindus right since the ancient Vedic period.
The Konark sun temple is a UNESCO world heritage site, declared in the year of 1984. The Temple remains a major pilgrimage site for Hindus after Jagannath temple in Puri, who gather here every year for the Chandrabhaga Mela about February.
So all these make the Konark Sun temple a place of great reverence and significance especially when the fact is taken under consideration the time when it was built. And still today it has remained all the same for the Hindu devotees who visit the temple from far and wide across the country to offer their prayers to the divine and mighty Sun God.