It was constructed in the eleventh century and the gateways were added additionally later on. It was built using bricks and was used as a seat of Buddhist teaching and traditions although its main purpose was to safeguard and house Buddhist relics belonging to the great Buddha. The Sanchi Stupa is situated in Raisen district of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and is one of the most prominent structures in the Buddhist complex at Raisen. It has been accorded World Heritage Site by UNESCO. That apart there are numerous other structures, remnants of stupas and other establishments along with artefacts and ruins of the relics of the glorious Buddhist culture flourishing in the Mauryan dynasty.