Jaigarh Fort, Rajasthan
Jaigarh Fort is a tall and extremely magnificent fort made from red sandstone in Jaipur to mark the occasion of victory in battle of Jai Singh against Dara Shikoh. The name of the fort is derived from its precedent, Jaigarh, literally translates to fort of victory and the stronghold for Jai Singh, the protector of Amer city. Strategically perched on an elevated mountain ridge on the very edge of the promontory, overlooking the iconic Amer fort, the grandest landmark of the city precincts, the Jaigarh Fort served as the protection for the former. The fort is constructed on a sprawling palace ground and is a rugged structure tactically located on the end of a protruding ridge on the end of a mountain ridge in the massive Aravalli range; it stands elevated to a great altitude above ground level. The mountain ridge on which it stands is also locally known as a Cheel Ka Teela for its bird's eye, rather eagle eye panoramic view of the approaching landscape.
The fort construction was finally constructed in 1726 and it started accommodating the presence of the royal family with the area sectioned into personal and military strongholds. Till date the fort holds the ruins of the palace complex, an armoury and a museum preserved for public viewing. The fort holds the world's largest cannon wheels known as Jaivana and legend has it that this cannon was conceived and designed completely within the premises of the palace. It was built solely with the purpose of protecting the Amer Fort. Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort are connected by underground tunnels and even till date such unified passage makes both palace complexes rendered as one singular aggregated complex. Its sprawling structure is spread over a length of 2 kilometres in the north south direction and 1 kilometre in width.