Located in the Amravati division of Maharashtra, Buldhana is the district. Bhil Thana (the place of the Bhils, a tribal group) is probably the source of the name. The city is located at the western edge of the Vidarbha region, 500 km north of Mumbai, the state capital. Shegaon, Jalgaon Jamod, Malkapur, Khamgaon, Lonar, Mehkar, and Chikhli are some of the cities and towns in the district.
During the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit epic poem, Buldhana and the rest of Berar Province were part of the Vidarbha kingdom. During the reign of Ashoka, Berar was part of the Mauryan Empire. The Satavahana dynasty ruled Berar, as did the Vakataka dynasty, the Chalukya dynasty, Rashtrakuta Dynasty, and Chalukyas again, before being conquered by the Yadavas of Devagiri.
Madhya Pradesh borders it in the north, the districts of Akola, Washim, and Amravati in the east, the districts of Jalna and Jalgaon in the south, and the districts of Aurangabad and Jalgaon in the west. The state is bounded on the north by the state of Madhya Pradesh, on the east by the districts of Akola and Washim, on the south by the Parbhani and Jalna districts, and on the west by the districts of Jalna and Jalgaon. A temple dedicated to Shri Gajanan Maharaj is located in Buldhana, where Shegaon is located.