Leh is the largest capital city in the union territory of Ladakh in India. Leh was the capital of ancient Himalayan Kingdom of Ladakh, from the Siachen glacier in the Karakoram to the great Himalayas. Most of the residential people are Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descendant. Leh-Ladakh is one of the major regions with rich culture, mountain beauty and history. Nubra Valley, also known as the White desert mountain is one of the famous tourist places across India; along with Khardung La pass, a tourist destination which is located in the highest altitude in Ladakh.
The Indian Military has a strong presence in the Leh-Ladakh region due to the war between India and China in 1962 over Aksai Chin border. It was considered as one of the most important trading routes between India and other countries including China. After the borders of China were closed, India started promoting Leh-Ladakh as a tourism region and successfully encourages Ladakh to be one of the major tourist attraction regions in India. 39.7% are Tibetan Buddhists who are residing in Ladakh, only 12.1% are Hindu families residing there. From small to Palace Monastery (where Dalai Lama Resides), all these monasteries are located in Leh-Ladakh. In 2010, due to cloud burst, Leh-ladakh was heavily destroyed in the floods, the monasteries and other architectural places are still under renovation till date.