Hyderabad has been an important seat of power in South India since the Golconda Fort was built in 1463 by Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk. It was in 1687 that the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb defeated the sultanate and placed his governor here as the Nizam-ul-Mulk. Since then, the city was ruled by the Nizams until the independence of India. Now, Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana and stands as an important IT hub of the region. The city is situated at 542 metres above sea level along the Hussain Sagar Lake.
As the Nizams were one of the richest rulers of their times, they donated a lot for the development of art, culture and architecture. This is the reason why the city has been housing a huge number of historical monuments. Char Minar is the most iconic structure while the Golconda Fort is the oldest structure present in the area. Other notable structures are the Chowmahalla palace, in which the Nizams lived, Falaknuma palace, and the Qutb Shahi tombs. Other than the historical figures, there are also many modern buildings here. The Birla Mandir, Iskcon Temple, B. M. Birla Planetarium, T. S. State Museum, Nehru Zoological Park and various art galleries shine as famous tourist attractions.